Airplane: There are numerous airlines in the USA, the most important of which are Continental Airlines, American Airlines, Northwest Airlines, Delta Air Lines, US Airways and United Airlines. The largest airline, Southwest Airlines, only flies within the United States.
American Airlines, Delta Air and Continental Airlines (in cooperation with KLM) fly from Germany, Switzerland and Austria. Northwest Airlines offers direct flights between Düsseldorf and Detroit, for example. United Airlines flies from Munich, Düsseldorf, Zurich and Vienna, US Airways from Munich, Frankfurt and Zurich, among others. With these airlines (partly in cooperation with other airlines) you can reach all important US American destinations.
Lufthansa offers direct flights between Düsseldorf and Miami.
With LTU you can often fly relatively cheaply between Düsseldorf and New York-Newark and New York JFK. Feeder flights are offered from numerous German, Swiss and Austrian cities. Condor flies, among others, between Frankfurt and Orlandoo and Fort Myers (Florida).
It should be noted that flights to the west, i.e. from Europe to the USA or from the American east coast to the west coast, take longer than in the opposite direction due to the prevailing westerly wind. Flights from Europe to the east coast take 30 to 40 minutes longer, from Europe to the west coast around 1 hour longer than in the opposite direction.
Airports: from the main airports in the USA are Chicago (ORD), New York John F. Kennedy (JFK), Atlanta (ATL), Dallas / Fort Worth (DFW), Los Angeles (LAX), Las Vegas (LAS), Denver (DEN), Phoenix (PHX), Houston (HOU), Minneapolis / St Paul (MSP), San Frnacisco (SFO) and Detroit (DTW).
Ship: The USA is a popular destination for cruise ships, and numerous ports on the east and west coast of the USA are the starting point or port of destination for international cruises. The companies that offer cruises with stops in US ports include Cunard Line, Carnival Cruise Line, Norwegian Cruise Line, Holland America Line, Princess Cruises, Orient Lines, Royal Caribbean International, Radisson Seven Seas Cruises, Silversea Cruises and Seabourn Cruise Line.
Rail: Almost all long-distance routes are operated by Amtrak – US National Railroad Passenger Corporation.
There are not many passenger connections between the United States and Mexico. In the towns of El Paso, Yuma, Laredo and Del Rio, the US railway lines switch to the Mexican network.
There are several passenger trains going to Canada. Important routes are Toronto – New York and Montreal – New York. From Toronto you can take the train to Buffalo, Detroit and Chicago.
Car: There are numerous border crossings between the USA and Canada, the most important of which are the crossings on the routes between New York and Montreal / Ottawa, between Minneapolis and Winnipeg, between Detroit and Toronto / Hamilton and between Seattle and Vancouver / Calgary / Edmonton.
There are important routes to Mexico from El Paso, San Antonia, Tucson and San Diego.
Bus: Greyhound is the largest operator of bus routes between the USA and Mexico and Canada.
Due to the large geographic extent (around 2,500 kilometers in north-south direction and even around 4,900 kilometers in west-east direction) and the most varied of landscapes, one can find a wide range of climates in the USA. The regional climate is strongly influenced by the north-south orientation of the large mountain ranges, the polar jet stream and the relationship between land mass and water surface. United States is a country located in North America according to OXFORDASTRONOMY.COM.
In general, it gets hotter the further south you go. The seasons are more pronounced towards the north and inland. Most regions are temperate, tropical on the Pacific islands of Hawaii and southern Florida, polar in Alaska, Mediterranean on the Pacific coast of California and dry in the Great Basin.
The largest area of California is determined by the Mediterranean climate with sometimes heavy rainfall. Almost all of the precipitation falls between October and April.
The Pacific Northwest receives rain all year round, with emphasis in spring and winter. In the western mountains you have to reckon with high precipitation, often in the form of snow. The cascades are among the most snow-covered places on earth, here snow depths of up to 15 m are reached.
Winter temperatures in the Northeast and Midwest can drop below freezing for a long time.
In terms of the extent and diversity of natural raw materials, the United States ranks first in the world. However, the share of the mining sector in GDP is only 1.8%. In the extraction of natural gas, crude oil, hard coal, copper, lead and gold, the US occupies leading positions in world production. Other important mining products are silver, iron ore, zinc, uranium, salt, phosphate and sulfur, stones and earth. An important iron ore deposit is that of the Mesabi Range in Minnesota; Utah owns more than 80% of its copper ore deposits. The United States has a quarter of the world’s usable coal reserves. Fatty coal is found in major deposits in the Appalachian Mountains, in the states of Illinois, Texas, and Indiana; Lean coal and lignite are mainly mined in Montana, Wyoming and Colorado. Significant conventional oil and gas production areas are on the coast of the Gulf of Mexico, Texas, Louisiana, California and Alaska. By the method of fracking oil and natural gas production increased significantly, so that the USA became the largest production state. On the other hand, the USA is the world’s largest consumer of oil, so a large part of the energy raw material is still imported. In addition, over 90% of the consumption of manganese, cobalt and strontium and more than 60% of the consumption of tin, chromium, potash, cobalt and silver are covered by imports. Industrial diamonds, chromite, mica, asbestos, tantalite, platinum, mercury, graphite, antimony, cadmium, arsenic, fluorspar and bismuth also have to be imported on a large scale. The most important raw material supplier is Canada, followed by Australia, Mexico, the Republic of South Africa and Peru.