The America is called the second largest continent in the world. It is located in the western hemisphere of the planet and occupies, from north to south, from the Arctic glacial ocean to Cape Horn; It is bounded by the Atlantic Ocean in the east and the Pacific in the west. It has an area of approximately 40 million square kilometers, which constitutes 30.2% of the surface of the earth’s crust, and a population of almost one billion inhabitants, that is, 12% of the world population.
The origin of the place-name America is attributed to the cosmographer Américo Vespucio, who was the first to realize that the lands belonging to the American continent were not part of the West Indies, as was initially believed, but constituted a different continent. As such, the name was first used in the Cosmographiae Introductio treatise, by Mathias Ringmann, to accompany the Universalis Cosmographia wall planisphere, authored by the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller.
The America was populated, according to Countryaah, approximately 40 thousand years ago, from emigrations from Asia and the Pacific. Aboriginal civilizations, in this sense, spread throughout the continental mass and developed their cultures and languages for centuries. This entire civilization stage prior to the arrival of European man is usually referred to as pre-Columbian America or pre- Hispanic America, that is, before the arrival of Columbus and the Spaniards.
In the official history of the American continent, the year 1492 is traditionally verified as the moment when America and Europe begin to register a significant contact of mutual encounter and discovery. However, there are indications that since centuries before there were Viking settlements in the northern part of the continent.
The division of the American continent has always been problematic. On the one hand, we find the one that separates the continent by geographical sub-regions, where they are distinguished: South America (from the isthmus of Panama to the south), Central America (from the isthmus of Panama to Mexico), the West Indies (Greater, smaller Antilles and Bahamas Islands) and North America (from Mexico to Canada).
On the other hand, in response to cultural and linguistic differences, other divisions have been attempted. The most popular is the one that distinguishes Latin America, made up of all the countries of Latin languages and cultures, such as Spanish, Portuguese and French, and Anglo – Saxon America, consisting of nations of British heritage. However, it is also possible to differentiate between Latin cultural traditions and make another distinction: Hispanic America, Portuguese America and Francophone America. Finally, to avoid all kinds of controversy, there are those who choose to designate the continent simply as the Americas.
- San Francisco Nightlife - Since the gold rush, this city has enjoyed a particularly lively nightlife. The restaurants and bars fill up early in the evening, are open long and the general laid-back attitude of people also affects their lifestyle. Since there are more than 2000 bars and pubs, you don’t stay thirsty for long, but it is all the more […]
- Venezuela Old History - The “Tierra firme” (mainland), that is the Venezuelan continental area, was discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1498. The following year it was explored by Ojeda and the Florentine Amerigo Vespucci, who disembarking on the coast of the Maracaibo lagoon, discovered a village indigenous built on stilts and, in memory of the Venetian lagoon city, it […]
- Uruguay Old History - The coast of Uruguay, discovered by the Spaniard Juan Diaz de Solis in 1516, was then by Caboto in 1537 equipped with a first fort in Rio San Salvador; but the Spanish occupation followed methodically only in the 17th and 18th centuries. In previous years Spain and Portugal were always engaged in disputes over the […]
- United States Old History - In the second half of the 16th century the colonization of North America began. The first to land were the Spaniards and the French who immediately conquered vast territories. Then came the Dutch who founded the city New Amsterdam (later New York), in a bay of the Atlantic Ocean. Last came the British who founded […]
- Suriname Old History - In 1498, for the first time, an Italian observed from the deck of a ship the wild and forested coasts of new lands, which descended with mountain groups into the Atlantic ocean. It was thus an Italian who discovered the coast of Guyana in South America, in an expedition nominally commanded, however, by the Spaniard […]
- Peru Old History - It is difficult to historically reconstruct the origin of the Inca kingdom. With this title the ancient Peruvians called their kings and the main royals with divine attributes, that is “Sons of the Sun”. According to traditional history, four brothers of the “Ayares” tribes of the Quecha Indians, inhabitants in the Paccaritampu area (about 8 […]
- Paraguay Old History - The first Spanish expedition, commanded by Aleixo Garcia, landed in Paraguay in 1521. The first approaches with the Indians were disastrous; Garcia was killed and the expedition left the country. In 1536 another Spaniard arrived in the territory, Juan de Ayolas; here he built the fort called “Corpus Christi”. Just his victory over the Lambarè […]
- Panama Old History - On the first sighting of the coasts of Panama there are uncertain news that give A.de Ojeda as the first arrival in 1499; instead it is certain that in 1501 he was sailing in the R. Galvan de Bastidas area, but in 1502, on his fourth voyage, it was Columbus who explored them in all […]
- Nicaragua Old History - Discovered by Columbus in the 4th voyage (1502), from 1522 it was crossed by Gil Gonzales de Avila, who left from the Gulf of Panama. He discovered the Cocibolca Lake, which he called Mar Dulce, today known as the Lake of Nicaragua. In 1524 the governor of Castile d’Oro, Pedrarias d’Avila, sent Hernandez de Cordoba […]
- Mexico Old History - Mexico is said to have been explored in the 5th century by Hoein Scin, a Chinese Buddhist priest. Archaeological discoveries would confirm this belief. The structure and decoration of the ancient temples of Palenque and Mitla, the many statues of divinities and priests that came to light, the miniatures of certain manuscripts and even some […]