United Kingdom Dictionary

The United Kingdom (UK) is located off the northwest coast of mainland Europe. It comprises four constituent countries: England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland. Geographically, the UK is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west and northwest, the North Sea to the northeast, the English Channel to the south, and the Irish Sea to the west.



The climate in the UK varies across regions, but it is predominantly temperate maritime. Winters are generally cool and wet, while summers are mild with moderate temperatures. Rainfall is spread throughout the year, and fog and humidity are common, especially in coastal areas.


The UK has a diverse range of wildlife, including mammals such as deer, foxes, badgers, and hedgehogs. Bird species are abundant, with robins, sparrows, and pigeons being common in urban areas. The UK’s waters are home to various marine animals, including seals, dolphins, and whales.

Longest Rivers

The longest river in the UK is the River Severn, which flows through Wales and England, stretching approximately 354 kilometers (220 miles). Other significant rivers include the River Thames, River Trent, and River Tyne.

Highest Mountains

The highest peak in the UK is Ben Nevis, located in Scotland, with an elevation of 1,345 meters (4,413 feet) above sea level. Other notable mountains include Snowdon in Wales and Scafell Pike in England.



The UK has a rich prehistoric history, with evidence of human habitation dating back thousands of years. Stonehenge, a Neolithic monument in England, is one of the most famous prehistoric sites in the world.

Ancient and Medieval Periods

Throughout antiquity, the British Isles were inhabited by Celtic tribes, followed by Roman occupation from 43 to 410 AD. The medieval period saw the rise of Anglo-Saxon kingdoms and the subsequent Norman Conquest in 1066.

Modern Age

The UK became a global superpower during the Age of Discovery, establishing colonies and trading posts across the world. The British Empire reached its peak in the 19th century, but began to decline after World War II. In 1922, the Irish Free State gained independence, leading to the formation of Northern Ireland. Since then, the UK has evolved into a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary democracy.


The population of the UK is diverse, with people from various ethnic backgrounds and cultures. According to the latest census data, the population is approximately 68 million, with the majority residing in England. The UK has large communities of immigrants from Commonwealth countries, as well as EU nationals.

Administrative Divisions

The United Kingdom is divided into four constituent countries, each with its own government and administrative structure:

  1. England
  2. Scotland
  3. Wales
  4. Northern Ireland

10 Largest Cities by Population

  1. London
  2. Birmingham
  3. Manchester
  4. Glasgow
  5. Liverpool
  6. Leeds
  7. Newcastle upon Tyne
  8. Sheffield
  9. Bristol
  10. Belfast

Education Systems

Education in the UK is comprehensive and widely accessible, with both state-funded and private schools available. Primary and secondary education is compulsory for children aged 5 to 16. The UK is home to some of the world’s top universities, including the University of Oxford, University of Cambridge, and Imperial College London.



The UK has numerous airports, with the five busiest being:

  1. London Heathrow Airport
  2. London Gatwick Airport
  3. Manchester Airport
  4. London Stansted Airport
  5. London Luton Airport


The UK has an extensive railway network, including high-speed services such as the Channel Tunnel Rail Link (HS1) and the West Coast Main Line. The total length of the railway network is approximately 16,000 kilometers (10,000 miles).


The UK has a well-developed road network, including major highways such as the M1, M25, and M6. The total length of the road network is over 394,000 kilometers (245,000 miles).


The UK has several major ports, including:

  1. Port of London
  2. Port of Liverpool
  3. Port of Southampton
  4. Port of Felixstowe
  5. Port of Immingham

Country Facts

  • Population: 68 million
  • Capital: London
  • Language: English
  • Religion: Christianity (predominantly Anglican)
  • Race: British, Irish, various ethnic minorities
  • Currency: Pound Sterling (£)
  • ISO Country Codes: GB, GBR
  • International Calling Code: +44
  • Top-Level Domain: .uk