Nicaragua Old History

Nicaragua Old History

Discovered by Columbus in the 4th voyage (1502), from 1522 it was crossed by Gil Gonzales de Avila, who left from the Gulf of Panama. He discovered the Cocibolca Lake, which he called Mar Dulce, today known as the Lake of Nicaragua. In 1524 the governor of Castile d’Oro, Pedrarias d’Avila, sent Hernandez de Cordoba […]

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Jamaica Old History

Jamaica Old History

It was discovered on May 3, 1494 by Christopher Columbus who called it Santiago, in honor of the patron saint of Spain. But this name was then lost in time and that of Jamaica, which has long since been adopted, probably represents an assonance with the name given to the natives “Xaymaca”, which means “Island […]

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Haiti Old History

Haiti Old History

The island was discovered by Christopher Columbus on December 6, 1492. Due to its resemblance to the land of Spain, it was called Espagnola, but that name instead of Haiti survived, which in indigenous language means “mountainous”. In fact, its territory is the most rugged and highest of the whole Antilles archipelago. From the date […]

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Guatemala Old History

Guatemala Old History

Guatemala was conquered by Pedro de Alvarado in 1523. He found strong resistance in the very first inhabitants of the region, the Quichè, who however had been subdued by the Cakquiquel, who were instead very hospitable. Alvarado was the first governor and founded the city of Santiago de Caballeros de Guatemala (July 25th1524). Upon her […]

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El Salvador Old History

El Salvador Old History

In 1524 the brothers Pedro and Giorgio de Alvarado, after the occupation of Guatemala, conquered El Salvador and joined it to Guatemala. In 1525 they founded the capital which they called San Salvador. There is no separate history of Salvador for the entire colonial period as its events were exactly the same as the Guatemalan […]

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Cuba Old History

Cuba Old History

Christopher Columbus landed on October 28, 1492 in Cuba where he was greeted with great hospitality by the natives. And referring to that island of the Greater Antilles which currently has the name of Cuba, he wrote: “It is the most beautiful island that human eyes have ever seen”. Many things contributed to this judgment: […]

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Costa Rica Old History

Costa Rica Old History

In 1502 Christopher Columbus, on his fourth voyage, landed on the coast which he called “Costa Rica y Castilla de Oro”, which was immediately incorporated into an already existing Spanish district, that of Veragua. In 1540 its territorial jurisdiction was established for the first time and then in 1573, under Philip II, its limits were […]

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