Stamp from Grenada with motif from Hillsborough, Carriacou

Grenada

Grenada, island state of the eastern Caribbean. The state consists of the main island of Grenada (310 square kilometers), the islands of Carriacou, Ronde Island and Petite Martinique as well as about 30 small islands in the southern part of the Grenadines. Grenada is located northwest of Trinidad and Tobago, northeast of Venezuela and southwest […]

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Architecture in Nicaragua

Architecture in Nicaragua

Colonial architecture was first erected in the cities of León and Granada. It was mainly influenced by Spanish Baroque, with elements of gothic, renaissance, plateau and mudejar, but little remains from the earliest times. Noteworthy is the Baroque architecture of the late 1600s and early 1700s, which often have mudejar elements. Among the churches of […]

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Music in Nicaragua

Music in Nicaragua

The music in Nicaragua has roots both in the indigenous population, as well as the influence of European, especially Spanish music during the colonial era, and African music from the slave trade. The oldest records we have of music in this area are the portrayal of the Spanish historian Gonzalo Fernándes de Oviedo (1478–1557) of […]

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Guatemalan geography

Guatemala Geography

Guatemala is located in the north of Central America with borders to Mexico in the west and north, Belize and the Caribbean, Honduras and El Salvador in the east, and the Pacific in the south. Two mountain ranges run through the country from west to east, dividing the country into three natural regions. In the […]

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Theater in Honduras

Theater and Music in Honduras

Music in Honduras Folk music is developed through mutual influence between Native American, African and European traditions. The music of the Mestis is based on forms of European origin, and from the 16th century onwards, Native American music came under African and Iberian influence. Since the first military orchestra was organized in 1876, military music […]

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José Antonio Velásquez

Art and Architecture in Honduras

The region’s culture was part of the Mayan culture until the Spanish conquest in 1524-1535. Architecture The earliest colonial architecture in Honduras was erected in Trujillo, the country’s first capital. A cathedral and a Franciscan monastery were completed in 1582, but earthquakes and fragile building materials led to major destruction. Architects from Guatemala and Spain […]

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Guatemalan Literature

The oldest preserved written work from Guatemala is the Quiche Indians’ sacred book Popol Vuh, written in the mid-1500s. The work, which contains the people’s creation story, history, mythology and traditions, is at the same time an epic of high poetic value, and the most outstanding example of Native American literature preserved in America. Rafael […]

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Honduras is a pronounced mountain country

Honduras Geography

Honduras is a distinct mountain country and belongs to the tertiary mountain system that runs throughout Central America. More than half of the country is over 900 meters above sea level, but only a few peaks, most extinct volcanoes, reach over 2000 meters above sea level. The highest point is Cerro las Minas (2849 meters […]

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Music in Guatemala

Music in Guatemala

The music scene has three dominant traditions: Mayan folk music, Ladino music with Spanish roots and art music. Archaeological documentation, imagery and written sources from before and after colonization attest to a rich music scene during the ancient Mayan civilization. Native American music The current population maintains in the mountain areas one of the strongest […]

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