Politics of Haiti

State Structure and Political System of Haiti

Until the fall of the dictatorial regime in 1986, Haiti remained a purely authoritarian state, being considered a nominally republic. Under the current Constitution of 1987, Haiti is a presidential republic based on the principle of separation of powers. Administrative-territorial division – 9 departments: Artibonite, Center, Grand Anse, North, Northeast, Northwest, West, South, Southeast. Departments […]

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Haiti Geography

Haiti Geography

Official name: Republic of Haiti (République d’Haïti) Area: 27,750 sq km Residents: approx. 10 million Seat of government: Port-au-Prince Climate (for capital): subtropical – tropical Official languages: French, Kreyol Growth of population: 1.3% (2018, source: BTI) The name Haiti is derived from the word Ayiti from the Taino language and means “mountainous country”, accordingly five […]

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The 2010 earthquake in Haiti

Haiti Hurricane Matthew

Hurricane Matthew and its aftermath Haiti is regularly hit by hurricanes, which are repeatedly accompanied by severe flooding due to the soil erosion caused by deforestation, which causes devastating damage. In Haiti, only about 2% of the total area is forested and about 70% of the area has slopes of over 40%, which means that […]

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UN security forces on duty in Haiti

Haiti 2010 Earthquake

On January 12, 2010, the Tiburon Peninsula Haiti was hit by a devastating earthquake. At 4:53 p.m. local time, the earth shook for 52 seconds. The strength of the quake was given by the United States Geological Survey (USGS) with a magnitude of 7.0 on the moment magnitude scale. The epicenter of the quake was […]

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Ruins of Camp Gerard near les Cayes Haiti

Haiti History

Historically, Haiti has played a special role. It is one of the oldest independent states on the American continent and the only republic to emerge from a successful slave rebellion. From the beginning, his story is varied and marked by violence. Since its independence in 1804, no fewer than 32 military coups have taken place […]

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Flag of Haiti

Haiti Elections

Independence Day: January 1, 1804 Head of state: Jovenel Moïse Head of government: Joseph Jouthe Political system: Presidential Republic Democracy Status Index (BTI 2019): 3.59, rank 116 (of 137) Corruption Index (CPI): 18th, rank 168 (Transparency International 2019) The 2010 elections The elections shortly after the 2010 earthquake plunged the country into a political crisis […]

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National coat of arms of Haiti

Haiti Political System

Form of government, constitution, separation of powers With the fall of Duvalier in 1986, the democratization process began in Haitia. In 1987 the country received its constitution, which is still valid today. Haiti has been a presidential republic since then. The constitution provides for a separation of powers between the president, the government and a […]

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Haiti Kenep

Haiti – Chances of Reconstruction

Even before the earthquake, Haiti was considered a failed state. Nevertheless, the catastrophe hit the country at a time that was characterized by a tentative but nevertheless noticeable economic upswing and which was accompanied by an increase in political and social stability, and set it back years in terms of development. Reasons for the extreme […]

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Road construction near Les Cayes Haiti

Haiti Economy Overview

With 362 residents per km 2, Haiti is one of the most densely populated countries in Central America. While the population at the last census in 2003 showed a population of 8,373,750, today it is assumed to be 10,033,000. Since births and deaths are not always registered, it is difficult to precisely record the population. […]

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Haiti Mangoes

Haiti Economic Sectors

Agriculture The economy of Haiti is largely shaped by agriculture. It accounts for around 28% of GDP and around 60% of the population earn their living from agriculture. The main crops are coffee, mangoes, sugar and cocoa. In recent years, commercial banana cultivation has been re-established in Haiti to create a secure and sustainable economic […]

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