Economy of Uruguay

Economy of Uruguay

Located between two Latin American giants, Uruguay is the geographical center of the most densely populated MERCOSUR zone, connecting the Pacific and Atlantic oceans. The network of roads and expressways is the densest in Latin America. The length of roads is 8983 km, incl. 90% hard coated (2000). 3/4 of cargo transportation is carried out […]

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History of Chile

History of Chile

In 1535, Spanish conquerors led by Diego de Almagro invaded Chile. Due to the fierce resistance of the Indians, the Spaniards did not advance further than the Maule River. Later, Pedro de Valdivia undertook a more successful expedition, and on February 12, 1541, he laid the first city in the present territory of Chile – […]

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Politics of Venezuela

State Structure and Political System of Venezuela

The Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela is a democratic, federal, legal, social state with a republican form of government. The Constitution of 1999 is in force. The administrative-territorial division is the federal (metropolitan) district, 23 states: Amazonas, Ansoategui, Apure, Aragua, Barinas, Bolivar, Vargas, Guarico, Delta Amacure, Carabobo, Cohedes, Lara, Merida, Miranda, Monagas, Nueva Esparta, Portugues-sa, Sucre, […]

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Politics of Peru

State Structure and Political System of Peru

The Constitution of 1993 is in force. Administratively, the country is divided into departments: Ayacucho, Amazonas, Ancash, Apurimac, Arequipa, Ica, Callao, Cajamarca, Cusco, La Libertad, Lambaeque, Lima, Loreto, Madre de Dios, Moquegua, Pasco, Piura, Puno, San Martin, Tacna, Tumbes, Huancavelica, Huanuco, Ucayali. The most important cities are: Lima, Ayacucho, Arequipa, Ica, Iquitos, Cajamarca, Cusco, Pucallpa, […]

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Politics of Guyana

State Structure and Political System of Guyana

Guyana is an independent state within the Commonwealth. Under the 1980 Constitution and the 1996 amendments, Guyana is a presidential-parliamentary republic. Administratively, the country is divided into 10 regions – Barima-Waini, Kuyuni-Mazaruni, Demerara-Mahaika, East Berbice – Corantein, Essequibo Islands – West Demerara (at the mouth of the Essequibo River, whose width is 34 km, there […]

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Politics of Colombia

State Structure and Political System of Colombia

Colombia has approx. 60 political parties, organizations and movements, but the political monopoly belongs to the Liberal and Conservative parties. As a result of close cooperation between liberals and conservatives during the period of the National Front and in subsequent years, the ideological and programmatic differences between the traditional parties began to gradually fade. In […]

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Politics of Bolivia

State Structure and Political System of Bolivia

After the return to constitutional forms of government in Bolivia, approx. 70 political parties. As democracy consolidated and the economy stabilized, the extreme fragmentation and polarization of political parties began to decrease. Three main political forces came to the fore – the Nationalist Revolutionary Movement (MNR), the Left Revolutionary Movement (MIR) and the Nationalist Democratic […]

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