United Kingdom Population

By | May 6, 2024

Population Distribution

As of 2023, the latest population of United Kingdom is 65,761,117, based on our calculation of the current data from UN (United Nations).

Total population 65,761,117
Population growth rate 0.49%
Birth rate 12.10 births per 1,000 people
Life expectancy
Overall 80.29 years
Men 78.16 years
Women 82.54 years
Age structure
0-14 years 17.59%
15-64 years 64.22%
65 years and above 18.19%
Median age 40.40 years
Gender ratio (Male to Female) 0.99
Population density 269.94 residents per kmĀ²
Urbanization 89.10%
80% English, 10% Scots, 4% Northern Irish, 2% Welsh, minorities from the West Indies, India and Pakistan – proportion of foreigners 2015: 8.4%
Anglicans 30%; Catholics (Roman Catholic) 21%; Presbyterians 14%; Other Christians (including Methodists) 15%; Muslims 11%; Others (including 500,000 Sikh, 500,000 Hindis and 350,000 Jews) 8%
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.920
HDI ranking 15th out of 194

People in United Kingdom

The residents of Great Britain are called British. Depending on the part of the country, the British are also English, Scots, Welsh or Northern Irish. The English make up the bulk of the population: 84 percent.

Great Britain was once a world empire and the greatest colonial power on earth. So it had a lot of colonies. These included Canada and Australia, India and Pakistan, several islands in the Caribbean (such as Jamaica) and many countries in Africa. After the Second World War, most of these countries became independent.

However, many people from the former colonies came to Britain, especially in the 1950s and 1960s, and now live in the country with their descendants. That is why you see so many nationalities when you are in the UK. The largest group of immigrants come from Africa or the Caribbean (three percent of the population). The Indians make up the largest immigration group among the Asians, followed by people from Pakistan and Bangladesh as well as China (total from Asia: seven percent).

65 million people live in the UK. Most of them live in England, namely 55 million. 5 million are Scots, 2 million are Welsh and just under 2 million are Northern Irish.

83 out of 100 people live in a city. that is a very high proportion of city dwellers. The centers are London, Manchester and Liverpool as well as Edinburgh and Glasgow in Scotland.

With 1.8 children per woman, the birth rate is rather high compared to other European countries. The average age of the British is 40.6 years. Life expectancy is 83.5 years for women and 78.8 years for men.

Languages in United Kingdom

English is spoken in the UK. It is written with the Latin alphabet (which you also use for German). English is also known as a world language because it is spoken by a great many people as their mother tongue, including in the USA, Australia and Canada. In addition, many people learn English as their first foreign language. You probably already know a little English, right?

British English

The English spoken in Great Britain is also known as British English. It differs from the English spoken in the USA or in Australia or in South Africa. So you use different words or write words differently. “Biscuit” means, for example with the British biscuit, with the Americans cookie.


But even within Great Britain, the spoken English is very different. It’s just like in Germany, where there are also many dialects. People speak differently in Scotland than in the south of England.


A special dialect is the Cockney that is spoken in London. The Cockney has a funny peculiarity: the word you want to say is replaced by one that rhymes with it, often only with the first part that doesn’t rhyme itself! As a result, what was said no longer makes sense to someone who does not speak Cockney.

For example, instead of “I haven’t seen you for years.” (I haven’t seen you for years) they say “I haven’t seen you for donkeys” (literally: I haven’t seen you in donkeys). Donkey ears rhymes with years. Or instead of “I’m watching the telly” you say “I’m watching the lisa” because “Liza Minelli” rhymes with telly (that’s the name of a famous actress and singer). Maybe you can invent an example in German!

Gaelic, Welsh, Irish

In addition to English, the respective national language is also spoken in the other parts of the country. Gaelic is spoken in Scotland, Welsh in Wales and Irish in Northern Ireland. Road signs can be found in both languages.

Pretty similar

Some words are very similar in German and English. This is useful because it makes it easier for us to learn it. For example: apple and apple, butter and butter, cat and cat. This is so because English and German belong to the same language family (the West Germanic languages) and therefore have the same roots.

Religions in United Kingdom

Almost 60 percent of the population are Christians. Most of them belong to the Anglican Church. Due to the large number of immigrants, Muslims, Hindus and Sikhs also live in the country.

United Kingdom Overview

The United Kingdom (UK), located off the northwestern coast of mainland Europe, is famous for its rich history, cultural heritage, and global influence. Renowned for iconic landmarks like Big Ben, Buckingham Palace, and Stonehenge, the UK offers visitors a diverse range of attractions, from historic castles and museums to picturesque countryside and vibrant cities. London, the capital city, is a global financial and cultural hub, while Edinburgh, Belfast, and Cardiff each contribute to the UK’s unique identity and charm.

  • Capital City: London
  • Population: Approximately 66 million
  • Area: 243,610 square kilometers
  • Full Country Name: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
  • Currency: Pound sterling (GBP)
  • Language: English
  • ISO Country Codes: ISO 3166-1 alpha-2: GB, ISO 3166-1 alpha-3: GBR

Bordering Countries of United Kingdom

The United Kingdom is a country located in northern Europe, bordered by four other countries. To the east lies the Republic of Ireland, while to the south lies France. Further north is Iceland, while to the west lies Norway and Denmark.

The United Kingdom has a long history of cultural exchanges with its neighbouring countries due to its strategic location in Europe. This has led to strong cultural ties between UK and its neighbours as well as strong political cooperation in recent years. In addition, UK also has strong economic ties with its bordering countries due to its thriving manufacturing industry which have attracted foreign investment.

The relationship between UK and its neighbours is complex but largely peaceful despite occasional disputes over matters such as energy resources or border issues. In recent years there have been efforts by both sides to improve relations as well as increased trade between them for mutual benefit. For example, UK has signed several free trade agreements with neighbouring countries that have helped boost economic growth in both nations. Furthermore, there have been efforts by all sides to promote regional stability through joint military exercises or peacekeeping operations in conflict zones such as Northern Ireland or Scotland.


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