Old Québec (World Heritage)

World Heritages in Canada Part II

Northern America

Miguasha Paleontological Park (World Heritage)

The national park in the province of Québec is the world’s most important fossil site for the Devonian. The 370 million year old formation contains thousands of fossils, including important finds from the time when land vertebrates evolved from marine animals. One of the most famous finds is the fossil of a Eusthenopteron, a meat fin fish with gills, lung bladder and fin skeleton.

Miguasha Paleontological Park: facts

Official title: Miguasha Paleontological Park
Natural monument: Paleontological park on the south coast of the Gaspésie peninsula, discovered in 1842; Site of five of the six fossil fish groups from the Devonian (360 to 290 million years ago), the “Age of Fish”; including the site of the Eusthenopteron foordi (first fish with evidence of adaptation to life on land)
Continent: America
Country: Canada
Location: South coast of Quebec’s Gaspé Peninsula
Appointment: 1999
Meaning: Worldwide unique quality of fish fossils from the Devonian; extraordinary documentation of evolution

Rideau Canal (World Heritage)

The Rideau Canal is the oldest waterway system in North America. Starting in 1826, it was created for the British military within five years. The 202 km long canal stretches from Ottawa in the north to Kingston on Lake Ontario in the south.

Rideau Canal: Facts

Official title: Rideau Canal
Cultural monument: 202 km long canal connecting Ottawa with Kingston on Lake Ontario; 1828-1832 by damming the Rideau and Cataraqui rivers built and still in use today with 49 locks as one of the first canals for steamships; originally built by the British for military purposes (including some fortifications) in conflict with the USA, but largely used for civilian settlement; from 1827 establishment of a city on the canal by the English engineer John By (Bytown, renamed Ottawa from 1854)
Continent: America
Country: Canada
Location: Ottawa, Kingston
Appointment: 2007
Meaning: The only canal from the great era of North American canal construction that has been preserved and used to this day; impressive example of a backwater canal and the use of European technology in the development of North America; material testimony to the historical disputes and military conflicts over North America

Joggins fossil site (World Heritage)

The Joggins fossil site is in the province of Nova Scotia. With its 350 million year old carbon fossils, it allows unique insights into geological development. Petrified tree trunks, reptiles and amniotes were found.

Joggins Fossil Site: Facts

Official title: Joggins fossil site
Natural monument: 15 km paleontological site along the cliffs of the Bay of Fundy on the peninsula of Nova Scotia in eastern Canada; on the coast on approx. 7 km² extensive fossils of reptiles and rainforest vegetation from the Carboniferous Age (359 to 299 million years ago); for the period of the Pennsylvania (Upper Carboniferous, 318 to 299 million years ago) most extensive fossil finds of life on land worldwide; developed in the middle of the 19th century, in 1851 discovery of a fossilization of the first pure reptile (Hylonomus lyelli), a forerunner of the dinosaur 100 million years later; Use of the findings by Charles Darwin for the development of the theory of evolution; three ecosystems (estuary system, rainforest floodplain, alluvial plain) with 96 genera and 148 species of fossils
Continent: America
Country: Canada, see topb2bwebsites
Location: Nova Scotia Province, Eastern Canada
Appointment: 2008
Meaning: Unique testimony to the history of the earth and invaluable material for researching geological and evolutionary developments; well-preserved and most extensive fossil documentation of life in the countryside in the Carboniferous; The fossils of the first reptiles from prehistoric times

Old Québec (World Heritage)

The former capital of New France was founded in 1608 by Samuel de Champlain and has an excellently preserved historic city center from colonial times.

Old Quebec City: Facts

Official title: Historic area of ​​Québec
Cultural monument: Old town, including the Citadel, Sanctuaire Notre Dame du Sacré Coeur, the Maison Sewell, Convent des Ursulines, the Anglican Cathedral of the Holy Trinity, which was built on the model of London’s Saint Martin in the Fields church, the Place Royale, the Basilique -Cathédale Notre Dame de Québec and the Hôtel Dieu de Québec, formerly the Augustinian convent
Continent: America
Country: Canada
Location: Québec, northeast of Montréal
Appointment: 1985
Meaning: The former capital of Nouvelle-France as one of the outstanding examples of a fortified colonial city

Old Quebec City: History

1608 Foundation of the city
1620 Construction of the Fort Saint-Louis
1635 Death of the city’s founder, Samuel de Champlain
1639 Founding of the Convent des Ursulines and the Hôtel-Dieu de Québec
1688 Construction of the first Eglise Notre Dame des Victoires
1690 unsuccessful English attack on Québec
1691 Installation of the battery royale
1723 Construction of the original Chapelle des Ursulines
1752 Construction of the Maison Chevalier for the shipowner Jean-Baptiste Chevalier
1759 British bombardment with 40,000 cannon balls
1820-50 Construction of the citadel and other fortifications
1893 Opening of the Château Frontenac
1898 Unveiling of the monument for Samuel de Champlain near the Château Frontenac
1910 Construction of the neo-Gothic Sanctuaire Notre Dame du Sacré Coeur

Old Québec (World Heritage)