Yellowknife, Northwest Territories (Canada)
The city of Yellowknife is the capital of the Northwest Territories. It is located on the northern shore of the Great Slave Lake. Yellowknife is called the “diamond” capital of North America. One of the country’s first diamond quarries is located 300 km north of it. From Yellowknife, “diamond tours” are arranged, which include visiting the Diamond Processing Center and jewelry stores and buying diamond products in the city itself, as well as getting to know the processes of diamond mining in its surroundings. During the winter, Yellowknife is home to the mesmerizing Northern Lights.
In the center of the city there is a high hill with an observation platform from where you can see the city, its environs and the Great Slave Lake.. The lake is the main attraction of these places. It is the deepest lake in North America (614 m deep) and the second largest in Canada. The northern arm of the lake, where the capital of the Northwest Territories is located, is a great place to fish, and the eastern arm is a great place to travel. by boat, there are numerous islands, rocks and cliffs. In the Great Slave Lake, and in other reservoirs and rivers of the Northwest Territories, you can catch such fish as grayling, pike, arctic char, pikeperch, lake salmon, and a little less often – whitefish, Dolly Varden or white salmon. The longest river in the country flows out of the Great Slave Lake – the Mackenzie River (4241 km). The Mackenzie River is one of the most accessible and one of the easiest rivers for rafting. Also above the valley of the Mackenzie River passes an important path along which migrating birds take place in spring and autumn. In the spring, birds from the southern parts of North America travel north to breed, and return in the fall. Cameron Falls are interesting 46 km north of Yellowknife. over which the bridge is laid. In addition, the Mackenzie Buffalo Sanctuary is located near the city, where a herd of 2,000 bison is protected. Nahanni National Park is located 500 km west of Yellowknife.. The park was founded in 1972. Its area is 4766 sq. km. The Park Information Center is located in Fort Simpson, where you can learn about the history, geography and culture of the region. The Mackenzie River flows through the park, but its main attraction is the South Nahanni River, along which one of the deepest canyon systems in the world stretches. In total, there are 4 canyons with a length of 80 km. Their walls rise 1500 m above the surface of the river. The South Nahanni River is one of the most popular destinations for white water rafting. Also in the park are picturesque Virginia Falls 96 m high and hot springs rich in sulfur. Over the course of millennia, bizarre formations of limestone tuffs have formed near the springs.
Calgary, Alberta (Canada)
According to physicscat, Calgary is the largest city in Alberta and the capital of Canada ‘s oil industry. Calgary is located 298 km south of Edmonton. This is a modern city with skyscrapers, which has preserved the spirit of the Wild West. Every year in mid-July for 10 days the famous Rodeo – Calgary Stampede is held in Calgary . These days the city fills with people in cowboy hats, fringed jackets, plaid shirts and jeans who compete in taming angry bulls.
In 1988, Calgary and the surrounding area became the venue for the Winter Olympics. For this event, the Olympic Park was built in the city. with a bobsleigh track. The park has expanded greatly in recent years. In winter it is popular with skiers and snowboarders, and in summer with mountain bikers and golfers.
Of the cultural and historical sights of Calgary, one can single out the Historic Village with old houses. It covers an area of 0.3 sq. km. Shown here is the way of life in Alberta in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Many buildings of the village were actually built about 1.5 centuries ago, they were brought here from various parts of the province. The historical village is divided into three zones corresponding to three historical periods: a trading settlement from 1864, a settlement on a railroad track under construction from 1880, and an overgrown large settlement around a railway station in the steppe region from 1910. In addition to old houses, old technology such as steam locomotives, steamboats and trams is also presented here. The hallmark of Calgary is the Calgary Tower .. Until the second half of the 20th century, it was the tallest building in the city. The height of the tower reaches 190 m. On the tower at a height of 160 m, there are several observation platforms, some of which have a transparent floor. The sites offer not only a beautiful view of the city, but also the peaks of the Rocky Mountains. The largest museum in western Canada, the Glenbow Museum , is also located in Calgary. The total area of the museum’s expositions is approximately 1 hectare. The museum has three floors with more than 1 million exhibits. Devon Botanic Gardens near Calgary. The gardens are not only wild, but also a traditional Japanese tea house, a gift shop, and a home-cooked restaurant. 130 km northeast of Calgary , the Dinosaur Provincial Park is interesting. It was created in the Red Deer River Valley on the basis of one of the largest burials of dinosaur fossils. To date, about 150 dinosaur skeletons have been discovered here. Adjacent to the park in Drumheller is the Royal Museum of Paleontology.
From Calgary you can go to one of the most famous national parks of the Rocky Mountains – Jasper and Banff . Rocky Mountain parks are known for their wide variety of recreational opportunities. Here you can engage in hiking, photography, rock climbing, fishing, mountain biking, mountain and cross-country skiing, canoeing and boating on rivers and lakes, watching animals and going horseback riding. Waterton Lakes National Park is located 270 km south of the city of Calgary on the border with the United States. In 1932, it was merged with the American National Park Montana Glacier into International Park. Waterton Lakes National Park is known for its grizzly population and is home to the deepest lake in the Rocky Mountains, Upper Waterton Lake.