History of Springfield, Massachusetts

History of Springfield, Massachusetts

Northern America

SpringfieldĀ (Massachusetts) is a city in the United States, located in Hampden County in Massachusetts, it was founded in 1852, it is known by various names such as: City of Firsts (City of Firstfruits), City of Homes (City of Homes), Hoop City.


Springfield is a city located in the county of Hampden in the American state of Massachusetts. In the 2010 census it had a population of 153,060 residents and a population density of 1,786.86 people per kmĀ².2

It is located just 38 km north of Hartford (Connecticut). The Hartford and Springfield region has approximately 1.8 million residents and 160,000 college students at 32 universities, which is why it is known as the “corridor of knowledge.” The game of basketball was invented in Springfield in 1891 by the Canadian James Naismith, the Hall of Fame of this aforementioned game is located in Springfield, it is famous for other things that include the first motorcycle company in the United States (Indian, 1901) and the first gasoline-powered automobile (Duryea Motor Wagon, 1893).

This beautiful place is located at a natural crossroads, in this place there are three rivers, the Connecticut River, which is one of them, is too deep for ocean vessels. In this area we can find remains of Native Americans who lived for thousands of years due to its excellent location, and the fertile soil for agriculture.

The only Rolls Royce factories ever established outside of England were made in Springfield during the 1920s, and are considered among the best automobiles ever made.


The English businessman William Pynchon in 1636 realized that Springfield was the best on earth near the Connecticut River. Pynchon bought the land from Native Americans for 18 fathoms of shell beads and 18 year old hoes. George Washington chose the site in 1777 for the “Springfield Armory.” After Springfield is a major arsenal of guns and rifles. This business attracted many inventors from Springfield. For example, inventor Charles Goodyear invented rubber vulcanization in Springfield in 1844. John Brown (abolitionist) went to Springfield in 1846 and this is where he became an abolitionist. After the American Civil War, Springfield is the second richest city in the United States. During this time, many of the great mansions are built in the city, giving it the nickname “The City of Homes.” In 1891, Dr. James Naismith invented basketball at Springfield College. In 1892, the Duryea brothers built the first gasoline automobile engine in the United States. In 1895, the first volleyball game was played in Springfield, although it was invented in Holyoke, Massachusetts. The first motorcycle in the modern world, “Indian” and the world’s first fire truck. The modern world’s first motorcycle was invented in Springfield in 1901. The world’s first modern fire engine was invented in Springfield in 1905. The Springfield Arsenal was closed in 1968 during the Vietnam War. Today, the Springfield Armory is a National Park. The city has one of the largest public parks in the United States, “Forest Park”. The park is almost as big as Central Park in New York. It has a zoo, rose gardens, and walks. Also in Springfield are the famous sculptures of Dr. Seuss and Augustus Saint-Gaudens. Springfield has a Science museum, an art museum, a curiosity museum, a history museum, and a Springfield history museum. It’s called “The Quadrangle,” and it’s the largest cultural center in western New England. Springfield, Illinois (USA) is a small city, famous because Abraham Lincoln lived there for 24 years. But it should be famous for other things that history doesn’t count, like what happened in 1908.

The city was a focus of racial tension

Unskilled European migrants replaced in their jobs by lower-paid African Americans.

It was August, and days ago, the city had been shaken by the alleged assault by African Americans on white women. The men were in jail. It only took a spark for everything to explode.

The spark was lit through Mabel Hallam, a beautiful young woman of German descent who worked as an assistant to a well-known religious pastor who also owned a factory.

Mabel’s graceful body was too much of a temptation for the businessman and preacher, and for months he harassed the girl, even though she was married. Through pressure of all kinds, the pastor made Mabel stay late in the office and somehow ended up abusing her.

Disturbed by Mabel’s lateness, who used to arrive at the exact time, her husband harassed her with questions. Before the woman’s embarrassment, he himself, forcibly removed her dress and discovered that his wife’s underwear was torn and dirty. The girl had no choice but to lie: a black man named George Richardson had raped her somewhere along the way.

Then, rifle in hand, the husband summoned the neighbors and the massacre began: a small mob of white men came out to shoot all the blacks they encountered. As the news spread, other white groups joined the whirlwind of destruction and the night was filled with gunfire, deaths, houses burned, and many black girls and women were raped before being killed by the mob. More than 10,000 armed whites marched through the city persecuting even Jews, whom they accused of protecting blacks. William Donnegan, an 84-year-old African descent, who was married to an Irish woman for 50 years, was hanged from a lamppost. That night, 20,000 African Americans fled the city and lost their homes forever. Years later, Mabel Hallam acknowledged that George Richardson, the accused young black man, never raped her.

History of Springfield, Massachusetts