The state of Arizona (AZ) is located in the southwest of the United States. Arizona is nicknamed the Grand Canyon State. With a size of 295,254 km² and the capital Phoenix, Arizona is home to approx. 6.5 million inhabitants.
In 1848 Arizona was ceded by Mexico to the United States and on February 14, 1912 it was declared the 48th state of the United States.
According to citypopulationreview.com, Arizona’s neighboring states are California, Nevada, Utah, Colorado and New Mexico. Arizona is one of the four Four Corners states.
Each year, Arizona attracts many visitors to its famous Grand Canyon and breathtaking desert landscape.
Arizona’s most famous attraction is the Grand Canyon.
UNESCO world heritage
Grand Canyon National Park
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Grand Canyon National Park mit dem Colorado River
The Grand Canyon National Park is a popular tourist destination in the USA. Most of the Grand Canyon is in Grand Canyon National Park. The national park is located in the north of the state of Arizona and was created by the Colorado River, which dug through the rocks of the Colorado Plateau over millions of years.
The name Grand Canyon comes from the Colorado River (mighty river).
In the national park, many animals such as cougars, California condors and bobcats live near the Colorado River. Since the Glen Canyon Dam was built in 1963, the river has been cut off from previous periodic floods. It is therefore opened every few years.
The Grand Canyon is a gorge about 450 kilometers long.
It is 6 to 30 kilometers wide and over 1,800 meters deep. The Grand Canyon National Park stretches over 350 kilometers.
The Grand Canyon was declared a National Monument on January 11, 1908 by US President Theodore Roosevelt. It was not until February 26, 1919 that it received national park status.
In 1979 the Grand Canyon was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The Grand Canyon is divided into three regions. The South Rim at 2100 m above sea level. M., the approximately 300 m higher northern edge (North Rim) and the inner gorge (Inner Canyon). The Colorado flows at about 750 m above sea level. M. The South Rim is the most visited and is open year-round. The North Rim is not accessible all year round.
Due to the different layers of rock in the Grand Canyon, the canyon changes depending on how the light falls. This is a very impressive natural spectacle.
The Colorado can only be crossed east of the national park at Lees Ferry and Page or about 400 km further west via Nevada at Hoover Dam with Lake Mead.
The South Rim of the Grand Canyon can be reached from the city of Flagstaff. There is a shuttle service on the South Rim that offers a tour along the crater rim of the Grand Canyon. From there you have a view of the Colorado River, where rafting in the Grand Canyon and canoe tours take place regularly. This road may only be used by the shuttle buses.
The following Native American tribes live in the Grand Canyon area: Walapai, Havasupai, Hopi, Navajo and Kaibab.
The weather in the Grand Canyon is around 20°C from May to September. From November to March, temperatures are below -8 °C. July is the warmest month with 29 °C. It is much warmer in the gorges than on the edge. Which is why, especially in midsummer, when you hike into the Canyon Grand Canyon, you are not allowed to hike back on the same day, but have to look for accommodation in a hotel or in a lodge to stay overnight. Since many hikers have already overestimated themselves, you can only hike back the next day.
A scenic flight through the Grand Canyons in a helicopter is always particularly popular. The helicopter tour starts at the airport on the southern edge of the Grand Canyon or from Las Vegas.
Once a day, a historic train, the Santa Fee Railway, comes to take tourists to the Grand Canyon National Park.
Today the Grand Canyon with the Empire State Building is the most visited attraction in the USA.
The Bright Angle Trail on the Grand Canyon North Rim is the most famous trail into the canyon. He can be ridden with mules. At the southern edge we the South Kaibab Trail in the canyon to the Colorado River.
You can look down into the canyon from the viewpoints in the Grand Canyon. On the South Rim there is Grand Canyon Village, Desert View, Navajo Point, Lipan Point, Tusayan Ruin, Moran Point, Grand View Point, Yaki Point, Mather Point, Yavapai Point lookout and on the North Rim Bright Angel Point, Kaibab Plateau, Valhalla lookout Plateau.
The Grand Canyon Skywalk, which is located in the Walapai Indians’ Grand Canyon West amusement park outside of the Grand Canyon National Park, is also world-famous .
Address of the attraction Grand Canyon National Park
Grand Canyon National Park