In the south-western areas with a dry climate, the so-called Sun Belt (Texas, Arizona, New Mexico), but also in Silicon Valley (located near San Francisco) and in the coastal strip from Boston to Raleigh, the electronics industry (whose centers are linked to research poles or offices universities) and aeronautics (Seattle, Los Angeles, San Diego). The location of these new productive sectors once again underlines the concept of functionality in territorial terms, which is typical of US economic policy: the Pacific belt is the most dynamic area of the immense federation, of which California is not for nothing. the most populated and most propulsive state. In particular, the aeronautical industry, with its very high specializations and colossal investments in research (in which the federal state also largely participates in funding), allowed the birth of the aerospace sector, closely connected to the military apparatus. The aerospace industry, in turn, has decisively stimulated all US technology in recent decades, which has initiated – especially through the achievements of electronics, information technology, telecommunications – a real revolution in productive systems, which in some respects recalled the impact of the “industrial revolution” in the history of the economy. United States is a country located in North America according to HISTORYAAH.COM.
Another sector in which the USA predominates internationally is the chemical industry, a success achieved once again thanks to the enormous investments made by public and private bodies in scientific and applied research, particularly profitable following the sale of patents to the abroad. The major plants are located mainly in the port centers of the Atlantic, the Gulf of Mexico and the Great Lakes and mainly produce sulfuric acid, caustic soda, nitric acid, nitrogen fertilizers, resins and plastics.
Even the petrochemical industry, born for the first time in the United States, still sees the American giant excel thanks to the well-known companies Exxon, Mobil, Texaco, Standard Oil active all over the world. It has its main bases in the port centers of the Gulf of Mexico and in the vicinity of the crude oil extraction areas. Cement production is also noteworthy, with plants located mainly in California (Mojave area), in Pennsylvania and Texas. Of ancient tradition, the textile industry is represented in particular by cotton mills, (located at the same time as the original locations, in the New England valleys, rich in water, and in the South-East Atlantic, not far from the Cotton Belt). Wool mills are limited to the northeastern states while the artificial textile fibers sector is highly developed, such as that of synthetic fibers (produced in Massachusetts and Rhode Island); The main apparel industries are also located in Baltimore, Chicago and New York. The food industry includes a very wide range of products, also favored by a way of life that sees the use of “pre-packaged” foods prevailing among food practices. The sector includes, among the most varied forms of activity, slaughterhouses, widespread above all in the Mississippi plain, in Texas and above all in Chicago, the real capital of meat production, which has made the United States the first producer on a world scale; there are also milling complexes, breweries, sugar refineries, meat, fish, fruit, vegetable canneries etc. The dairy industry, thanks to the products processed in it (milk, butter, cheese) has made the United States the first world producer. The tobacconist’s factory has been developed, which has its major centers in Piedmont and which sees the United States rank among the top producers of cigars and cigarettes. Powerful is the film industry, which is headquartered in Hollywood, California.
ECONOMY: FARMING AND FISHING
The zootechnical patrimony is huge. Despite this, the United States is among the top importers in the world in terms of number of cattle (after Italy, which holds the record). The breeding practiced is of two kinds: intensive and extensive. The former has its best area in the Dairy Belt. The second is practiced in the semi-arid plains to the W of Mississippi, in Texas, in Arizona, in the highlands of the Rocky Mountains and in the arid and semi-arid environments of Utah, Nevada etc .; here, the breeding ranches occupy areas of even a few thousand hectares and are sometimes managed by large companies.
Pig breeding is also important, the spread of which corresponds to the Corn Belt area. The figures for goats and sheep are more modest, although good quantities of wool are obtained from the latter. The breeding of poultry (New England), which is responsible for the second annual egg production worldwide, is important and rationally organized. § Fishing, organized with an efficient fleet, also feeds a thriving production. Thanks to the favorable environmental conditions, a large number of rivers and lakes are added to the sea front, which are home to an abundant ichthyofauna. The most fishy waters are those off the coasts of New England (mackerel, sardines, herring prevail), California (anchovies, tuna, sole), Washington State (salmon and cod) and Alaska (salmon). In the Gulf of Mexico, in that of California as well as in the bays of San Francisco and Chesapeake, oyster farming and crustacean farming are widespread. Lastly, the canning industry is of great importance, also given the strong demand from the internal market.